Burn is a pain response and not a taste. And pain always lingers. If you slap yourself in the face, the pain will stay for a minute or two. It same deal with chili burn. Pain is supposed to warn us that whatever we’re doing, we need to stop. Any drink that is cooler than your body temperature is going to give some immediate relief. It’s because of capsaicin, the stuff in chilies that makes the mouth burn. Capsaicin makes your mouth feel about 10 degrees Celsius hotter than it is.
Science says that the beverage most effective at alleviating spicy mouth burn is milk. No beverage is going to take away all the pain immediately. Why? Because some research indicates some cool beverages are more effective than others, and milk comes out on top. The thinking on this subject was recently turned on its head by researchers, including Dr. Alissa Nolden, a food scientist at UMass Amherst. “Prior reports that have looked at decreasing the burn from capsaicin have suggested that it was due to the fat content. Also capsaicin is a lipophilic molecule, meaning it loves to be in a fat environment.”
Why does milk help with spicy food?
When you eat something, spicy capsaicin binds to your TRPV1 receptors. These receptors are proteins that also pain receptor cells. When they’re activated by capsaicin, they send a danger signal to the brain. TRPV1 also detects actual heat and can be activated by temperatures over 109 degrees Fahrenheit [43 ºC]. It isn’t just in your mouth also in the digestive tract, skin, eyes all over the place.
Capsaicin is a nonpolar molecule, like oil. That means it won’t dissolve in water, so the water’s not going to wash it away all that well. Milk is supposedly the best thing for beating the heat. It is because of the fats in it that they are nonpolar and can clear out the capsaicin. But is that really true? Research showing that milk’s protein, like casein, helps with capsaicin heat. Some research has indicated that casein might remove capsaicin from the TRPV1 receptor.
How does milk help with spicy foods? Milk contains nine essential nutrients: calcium, vitamin D, protein, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin b12, riboflavin, casein, and phosphorus. All proteins are made up of many amino acids linked together in a long chain. However, milk protein is unique because it has a phosphate group attached to its amino acids. This doesn’t happen with hardly any other proteins in nature.
What’s so special about a phosphate group? Phosphate groups contain several oxygen molecules. These oxygen molecules give phosphate a negative charge. The negatively charged phosphate is essential because it strongly attracts positively charged calcium.
As pepper’s capsaicin is a nonpolar molecule, the attraction between negatively charged phosphate and positively charged calcium gives milk protein the ability to neatly packaged calcium and phosphate into tiny particles. Each of these particles then combines to form a larger molecule that’s called the casein. The casein micelle also has a particular protein on its surface. That causes it to have a negative charge because of its negatively charged surfaces. When they get close together to TRPV1 receptors, they convert all spicy molecules into liquid. Also, casein keeps milk in its liquid form.
It is commonly known that taste sensations are grouped into sweetness, sourness, bitterness, saltiness, and umami. These sensations become apparent when the molecules activate receptors on the surface of taste buds cells in the food. It will stimulate nerve fibers to fire an action potential causing the brain to generate the experience of taste. But what causes the sensation of spiciness?
A signal is sent to the brain indicating the presence of a spicy stimulus. Thus this produces the burning and spiciness sensations associated with spicy food. A good technique to relieve the spiciness is to drink milk. It’s because the protein in the milk will help break the bond between capsaicin and the VR1 receptors. VR1 receptors are not designed to detect capsaicin. These receptors are heating pain receptors.
Usually, these receptors are only activated when exposed to temperatures greater than approximately 42 degrees Celsius. So capsaicin is essentially tricking these receptors into believing that there is something hot in your mouth. This gives a burning sensation and triggers two physical events associated with heat, such as sweating or redness. Drinking milk can help to release this pain because milk proteins keep this receptor calm.
Frequently asked questions
Does water help with spicy food?
It is common to drink water while eating something spicy. But this doesn’t do anything to relieve the spiciness. In fact, it can make the spices even worse. This is because capsaicin is insoluble in water. Thus all you are doing is essentially spreading the spiciness around the entire mouth instead of removing it.
Which food helps from spicy?
Sugar, Lemon or lime, Peanut butter, Honey, Avocados, Bananas, Dairy products, Acidic foods, etc.
Why does spicy food burn when poop?
Hot peppers feel, but TRPV1 receptors are in lots of places, and that includes the anus. The capsaicin doesn’t get completely digested. Some of it does get absorbed by the body and sent to the liver to be broken down. But some of it sticks around and gets pooped out. It means the TRPV1 receptors in the anus can interact with capsaicin just like the ones in the mouth.